July 2016

"Escaping the Courland Pocket July 1944"

Festival of the forties  July 2016


The Courland Pocket (German: Kurland-Kessel) refers to the Red Army's blockade or isolation of Axis forces on the Courland Peninsula from July 1944 through May 1945. The Soviet commander was General Ivan Bagramyan (later Marshal).


The pocket was created during the Red Army's Baltic Strategic Offensive Operation, when forces of the 1st Baltic Front reached the Baltic Sea near Memel during its lesser Memel Offensive Operation phases. This action isolated the German Army Group North (German: Heeresgruppe Nord) from the rest of the German forces between Tukums and Liepāja in Latvia